– Primary courts are formed for the areas that are determined by the Law.
– Appeals courts are formed for the area of more basic courts determined by Law.
– Courts are autonomous and independent.
– They judge in accordance to the Constitution, the Laws and the internationally ratified agreements.
– They bring decisions in a procedure determined by laws for:
    – The rights of the citizens and legal interests;
    – Citizens cases and other legal subjects;
    – Penal acts.
Primary courts are authorised to judge on cases that are not legally under obligation to be solved by other courts:
– They judge and bring decisions on non process cases, if the cases are not subject to deciding by other court;
– They judge and bring decisions on infringements, if the cases are not subject to deciding by other court – customs, foreign currency, foreign-trade or tax courts).

Primary courts are authorised for:
– Judging and deciding on criminal acts that are provided with penalties of less than 10 years.
– Financial infringements, property and other citizens procedures, in which the parties are the municipalities, the city of Skopje and the Republic, enterprises and other legal entities, store owners, cases led by domestic and foreign legal and physical entities etc.

The Primary courts are formed for the following areas:
1. Primary Court in Berovo for the area of the municipality of Berovo;
2. Primary Court in Bitola for the area of the municipalities of Bitola and Demir Hisar, with a department in Demir Hisar;
3. Primary Court in Vinica for the area of the municipality of Vinica;
4. Primary Court in Gevgelija for the area of the municipalities of Gevgelija and Valandovo, with a department in Valandovo;
5. Primary Court in Gostivar for the area of the municipality of Gostivar;
6. Primary Court in Debar for the area of the municipality of Debar;
7. Primary Court in Delcevo for the area of the municipality of Delcevo;
8. Primary Court in Kavadarci for the area of the municipality of Kavadarci;
9. Primary Court in Kicevo for the area of the municipalities of Kicevo and Makedonski Brod;
10. Primary Court in Kocani for the area of the municipality of Kocani;
11. Primary Court in Kratovo for the area of the municipality of Kratovo;
12. Primary Court in Kriva Palanka for the area of the municipality of Kriva Palanka;
13. Primary Court in Kumanovo for the area of the municipality of Kumanovo;
14. Primary Court in Krusevo for the area of the municipality of Krusevo;
15. Primary Court in Negotino for the area of the municipality of Negotino;
16. Primary Court in Ohrid for the area of the municipality of Ohrid;
17. Primary Court in Prilep for the area of the municipality of Prilep;
18. Primary Court in Radovis for the area of the municipality of Radovis;
19. Primary Court in Resen for the area of the municipality of Resen;
20. Primary Court in Sveti Nikole for the area of the municipality of Sveti Nikole;
21. Primary Court Skopje 1 for the area of the municipalities Centar and Karpos;
22. Primary Court Skopje 2 for the area of the municipalities Kisela Voda, Cair and Gazi Baba;
23. Primary Court in Struga for the area of the municipality of Struga;
24. Primary Court in Strumica for the area of the municipality of Strumica;
25. Primary Court in Tetovo for the area of the municipality of Tetovo;
26. Primary Court in Veles for the area of the municipality of Veles;
27. Primary Court in Stip for the area of the municipalities of Stip and Probistip, with a department in Probistip;

Appeals courts are authorised to:
– Decide on complaints against the decisions of the Primary courts;
– Decide in cases of conflict of jurisdictions between the primary courts; and
– Perform other tasks determined by the Law.

Appeals courts are being formed for the following areas:
1. Appeals court in Bitola for the area of the Primary courts in Bitola, Kicevo, Krusevo, Ohrid, Prilep, Resen and Struga;
2. Appeals court in Skopje for the area of the Primary courts in Gevgelija, Gostivar, Debar, Kavadarci, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Kumanovo, Negotino, Skopje 1, Skopje 2 and Veles;
3. Appeals court in Stip for the area of the Primary courts in Berovo, Vinica, Delcevo, Kocani, Radovis, Sveti Nikole, Strumica and Stip.